Source code for matplotlib.gridspec

r"""
:mod:`~matplotlib.gridspec` contains classes that help to layout multiple
`~.axes.Axes` in a grid-like pattern within a figure.

The `GridSpec` specifies the overall grid structure. Individual cells within
the grid are referenced by `SubplotSpec`\s.

See the tutorial :ref:`sphx_glr_tutorials_intermediate_gridspec.py` for a
comprehensive usage guide.
"""

import copy
import logging
from numbers import Integral

import numpy as np

import matplotlib as mpl
from matplotlib import _pylab_helpers, cbook, tight_layout, rcParams
from matplotlib.transforms import Bbox
import matplotlib._layoutbox as layoutbox

_log = logging.getLogger(__name__)


class GridSpecBase:
    """
    A base class of GridSpec that specifies the geometry of the grid
    that a subplot will be placed.
    """

    def __init__(self, nrows, ncols, height_ratios=None, width_ratios=None):
        """
        Parameters
        ----------
        nrows, ncols : int
            The number of rows and columns of the grid.
        width_ratios : array-like of length *ncols*, optional
            Defines the relative widths of the columns. Each column gets a
            relative width of ``width_ratios[i] / sum(width_ratios)``.
            If not given, all columns will have the same width.
        height_ratios : array-like of length *nrows*, optional
            Defines the relative heights of the rows. Each column gets a
            relative height of ``height_ratios[i] / sum(height_ratios)``.
            If not given, all rows will have the same height.
        """
        if not isinstance(nrows, Integral) or nrows <= 0:
            raise ValueError(
                f"Number of rows must be a positive integer, not {nrows}")
        if not isinstance(ncols, Integral) or ncols <= 0:
            raise ValueError(
                f"Number of columns must be a positive integer, not {ncols}")
        self._nrows, self._ncols = nrows, ncols
        self.set_height_ratios(height_ratios)
        self.set_width_ratios(width_ratios)

    def __repr__(self):
        height_arg = (', height_ratios=%r' % (self._row_height_ratios,)
                      if self._row_height_ratios is not None else '')
        width_arg = (', width_ratios=%r' % (self._col_width_ratios,)
                     if self._col_width_ratios is not None else '')
        return '{clsname}({nrows}, {ncols}{optionals})'.format(
            clsname=self.__class__.__name__,
            nrows=self._nrows,
            ncols=self._ncols,
            optionals=height_arg + width_arg,
            )

    nrows = property(lambda self: self._nrows,
                     doc="The number of rows in the grid.")
    ncols = property(lambda self: self._ncols,
                     doc="The number of columns in the grid.")

    def get_geometry(self):
        """
        Return a tuple containing the number of rows and columns in the grid.
        """
        return self._nrows, self._ncols

    def get_subplot_params(self, figure=None):
        # Must be implemented in subclasses
        pass

    def new_subplotspec(self, loc, rowspan=1, colspan=1):
        """
        Create and return a `.SubplotSpec` instance.

        Parameters
        ----------
        loc : (int, int)
            The position of the subplot in the grid as
            ``(row_index, column_index)``.
        rowspan, colspan : int, default: 1
            The number of rows and columns the subplot should span in the grid.
        """
        loc1, loc2 = loc
        subplotspec = self[loc1:loc1+rowspan, loc2:loc2+colspan]
        return subplotspec

    def set_width_ratios(self, width_ratios):
        """
        Set the relative widths of the columns.

        *width_ratios* must be of length *ncols*. Each column gets a relative
        width of ``width_ratios[i] / sum(width_ratios)``.
        """
        if width_ratios is not None and len(width_ratios) != self._ncols:
            raise ValueError('Expected the given number of width ratios to '
                             'match the number of columns of the grid')
        self._col_width_ratios = width_ratios

    def get_width_ratios(self):
        """
        Return the width ratios.

        This is *None* if no width ratios have been set explicitly.
        """
        return self._col_width_ratios

    def set_height_ratios(self, height_ratios):
        """
        Set the relative heights of the rows.

        *height_ratios* must be of length *nrows*. Each row gets a relative
        height of ``height_ratios[i] / sum(height_ratios)``.
        """
        if height_ratios is not None and len(height_ratios) != self._nrows:
            raise ValueError('Expected the given number of height ratios to '
                             'match the number of rows of the grid')
        self._row_height_ratios = height_ratios

    def get_height_ratios(self):
        """
        Return the height ratios.

        This is *None* if no height ratios have been set explicitly.
        """
        return self._row_height_ratios

    def get_grid_positions(self, fig, raw=False):
        """
        Return the positions of the grid cells in figure coordinates.

        Parameters
        ----------
        fig : `~matplotlib.figure.Figure`
            The figure the grid should be applied to. The subplot parameters
            (margins and spacing between subplots) are taken from *fig*.
        raw : bool, default: False
            If *True*, the subplot parameters of the figure are not taken
            into account. The grid spans the range [0, 1] in both directions
            without margins and there is no space between grid cells. This is
            used for constrained_layout.

        Returns
        -------
        bottoms, tops, lefts, rights : array
            The bottom, top, left, right positions of the grid cells in
            figure coordinates.
        """
        nrows, ncols = self.get_geometry()

        if raw:
            left = 0.
            right = 1.
            bottom = 0.
            top = 1.
            wspace = 0.
            hspace = 0.
        else:
            subplot_params = self.get_subplot_params(fig)
            left = subplot_params.left
            right = subplot_params.right
            bottom = subplot_params.bottom
            top = subplot_params.top
            wspace = subplot_params.wspace
            hspace = subplot_params.hspace
        tot_width = right - left
        tot_height = top - bottom

        # calculate accumulated heights of columns
        cell_h = tot_height / (nrows + hspace*(nrows-1))
        sep_h = hspace * cell_h
        if self._row_height_ratios is not None:
            norm = cell_h * nrows / sum(self._row_height_ratios)
            cell_heights = [r * norm for r in self._row_height_ratios]
        else:
            cell_heights = [cell_h] * nrows
        sep_heights = [0] + ([sep_h] * (nrows-1))
        cell_hs = np.cumsum(np.column_stack([sep_heights, cell_heights]).flat)

        # calculate accumulated widths of rows
        cell_w = tot_width / (ncols + wspace*(ncols-1))
        sep_w = wspace * cell_w
        if self._col_width_ratios is not None:
            norm = cell_w * ncols / sum(self._col_width_ratios)
            cell_widths = [r * norm for r in self._col_width_ratios]
        else:
            cell_widths = [cell_w] * ncols
        sep_widths = [0] + ([sep_w] * (ncols-1))
        cell_ws = np.cumsum(np.column_stack([sep_widths, cell_widths]).flat)

        fig_tops, fig_bottoms = (top - cell_hs).reshape((-1, 2)).T
        fig_lefts, fig_rights = (left + cell_ws).reshape((-1, 2)).T
        return fig_bottoms, fig_tops, fig_lefts, fig_rights

    def __getitem__(self, key):
        """Create and return a `.SubplotSpec` instance."""
        nrows, ncols = self.get_geometry()

        def _normalize(key, size, axis):  # Includes last index.
            orig_key = key
            if isinstance(key, slice):
                start, stop, _ = key.indices(size)
                if stop > start:
                    return start, stop - 1
                raise IndexError("GridSpec slice would result in no space "
                                 "allocated for subplot")
            else:
                if key < 0:
                    key = key + size
                if 0 <= key < size:
                    return key, key
                elif axis is not None:
                    raise IndexError(f"index {orig_key} is out of bounds for "
                                     f"axis {axis} with size {size}")
                else:  # flat index
                    raise IndexError(f"index {orig_key} is out of bounds for "
                                     f"GridSpec with size {size}")

        if isinstance(key, tuple):
            try:
                k1, k2 = key
            except ValueError as err:
                raise ValueError("Unrecognized subplot spec") from err
            num1, num2 = np.ravel_multi_index(
                [_normalize(k1, nrows, 0), _normalize(k2, ncols, 1)],
                (nrows, ncols))
        else:  # Single key
            num1, num2 = _normalize(key, nrows * ncols, None)

        return SubplotSpec(self, num1, num2)

    def subplots(self, *, sharex=False, sharey=False, squeeze=True,
                 subplot_kw=None):
        """
        Add all subplots specified by this `GridSpec` to its parent figure.

        This utility wrapper makes it convenient to create common layouts of
        subplots in a single call.

        Parameters
        ----------
        sharex, sharey : bool or {'none', 'all', 'row', 'col'}, default: False
            Controls sharing of properties among x (*sharex*) or y (*sharey*)
            axes:

            - True or 'all': x- or y-axis will be shared among all subplots.
            - False or 'none': each subplot x- or y-axis will be independent.
            - 'row': each subplot row will share an x- or y-axis.
            - 'col': each subplot column will share an x- or y-axis.

            When subplots have a shared x-axis along a column, only the x tick
            labels of the bottom subplot are created. Similarly, when subplots
            have a shared y-axis along a row, only the y tick labels of the
            first column subplot are created. To later turn other subplots'
            ticklabels on, use `~matplotlib.axes.Axes.tick_params`.

        squeeze : bool, optional, default: True
            - If True, extra dimensions are squeezed out from the returned
              array of Axes:

              - if only one subplot is constructed (nrows=ncols=1), the
                resulting single Axes object is returned as a scalar.
              - for Nx1 or 1xM subplots, the returned object is a 1D numpy
                object array of Axes objects.
              - for NxM, subplots with N>1 and M>1 are returned as a 2D array.

            - If False, no squeezing at all is done: the returned Axes object
              is always a 2D array containing Axes instances, even if it ends
              up being 1x1.

        subplot_kw : dict, optional
            Dict with keywords passed to the `~.Figure.add_subplot` call used
            to create each subplot.

        Returns
        -------
        ax : `~.axes.Axes` object or array of Axes objects.
            *ax* can be either a single `~matplotlib.axes.Axes` object or
            an array of Axes objects if more than one subplot was created. The
            dimensions of the resulting array can be controlled with the
            squeeze keyword, see above.

        See Also
        --------
        .pyplot.subplots
        .Figure.add_subplot
        .pyplot.subplot
        """

        figure = self.figure

        if figure is None:
            raise ValueError("GridSpec.subplots() only works for GridSpecs "
                             "created with a parent figure")

        if isinstance(sharex, bool):
            sharex = "all" if sharex else "none"
        if isinstance(sharey, bool):
            sharey = "all" if sharey else "none"
        # This check was added because it is very easy to type
        # `subplots(1, 2, 1)` when `subplot(1, 2, 1)` was intended.
        # In most cases, no error will ever occur, but mysterious behavior
        # will result because what was intended to be the subplot index is
        # instead treated as a bool for sharex.
        if isinstance(sharex, Integral):
            cbook._warn_external(
                "sharex argument to subplots() was an integer.  Did you "
                "intend to use subplot() (without 's')?")
        cbook._check_in_list(["all", "row", "col", "none"],
                             sharex=sharex, sharey=sharey)
        if subplot_kw is None:
            subplot_kw = {}
        # don't mutate kwargs passed by user...
        subplot_kw = subplot_kw.copy()

        # Create array to hold all axes.
        axarr = np.empty((self._nrows, self._ncols), dtype=object)
        for row in range(self._nrows):
            for col in range(self._ncols):
                shared_with = {"none": None, "all": axarr[0, 0],
                               "row": axarr[row, 0], "col": axarr[0, col]}
                subplot_kw["sharex"] = shared_with[sharex]
                subplot_kw["sharey"] = shared_with[sharey]
                axarr[row, col] = figure.add_subplot(
                    self[row, col], **subplot_kw)

        # turn off redundant tick labeling
        if sharex in ["col", "all"]:
            # turn off all but the bottom row
            for ax in axarr[:-1, :].flat:
                ax.xaxis.set_tick_params(which='both',
                                         labelbottom=False, labeltop=False)
                ax.xaxis.offsetText.set_visible(False)
        if sharey in ["row", "all"]:
            # turn off all but the first column
            for ax in axarr[:, 1:].flat:
                ax.yaxis.set_tick_params(which='both',
                                         labelleft=False, labelright=False)
                ax.yaxis.offsetText.set_visible(False)

        if squeeze:
            # Discarding unneeded dimensions that equal 1.  If we only have one
            # subplot, just return it instead of a 1-element array.
            return axarr.item() if axarr.size == 1 else axarr.squeeze()
        else:
            # Returned axis array will be always 2-d, even if nrows=ncols=1.
            return axarr


class GridSpec(GridSpecBase):
    """
    A grid layout to place subplots within a figure.

    The location of the grid cells is determined in a similar way to
    `~.figure.SubplotParams` using *left*, *right*, *top*, *bottom*, *wspace*
    and *hspace*.
    """
[docs] def __init__(self, nrows, ncols, figure=None, left=None, bottom=None, right=None, top=None, wspace=None, hspace=None, width_ratios=None, height_ratios=None): """ Parameters ---------- nrows, ncols : int The number of rows and columns of the grid. figure : `~.figure.Figure`, optional Only used for constrained layout to create a proper layoutbox. left, right, top, bottom : float, optional Extent of the subplots as a fraction of figure width or height. Left cannot be larger than right, and bottom cannot be larger than top. If not given, the values will be inferred from a figure or rcParams at draw time. See also `GridSpec.get_subplot_params`. wspace : float, optional The amount of width reserved for space between subplots, expressed as a fraction of the average axis width. If not given, the values will be inferred from a figure or rcParams when necessary. See also `GridSpec.get_subplot_params`. hspace : float, optional The amount of height reserved for space between subplots, expressed as a fraction of the average axis height. If not given, the values will be inferred from a figure or rcParams when necessary. See also `GridSpec.get_subplot_params`. width_ratios : array-like of length *ncols*, optional Defines the relative widths of the columns. Each column gets a relative width of ``width_ratios[i] / sum(width_ratios)``. If not given, all columns will have the same width. height_ratios : array-like of length *nrows*, optional Defines the relative heights of the rows. Each column gets a relative height of ``height_ratios[i] / sum(height_ratios)``. If not given, all rows will have the same height. """ self.left = left self.bottom = bottom self.right = right self.top = top self.wspace = wspace self.hspace = hspace self.figure = figure GridSpecBase.__init__(self, nrows, ncols, width_ratios=width_ratios, height_ratios=height_ratios) if self.figure is None or not self.figure.get_constrained_layout(): self._layoutbox = None else: self.figure.init_layoutbox() self._layoutbox = layoutbox.LayoutBox( parent=self.figure._layoutbox, name='gridspec' + layoutbox.seq_id(), artist=self)
# by default the layoutbox for a gridspec will fill a figure. # but this can change below if the gridspec is created from a # subplotspec. (GridSpecFromSubplotSpec) _AllowedKeys = ["left", "bottom", "right", "top", "wspace", "hspace"] def __getstate__(self): return {**self.__dict__, "_layoutbox": None} def update(self, **kwargs): """ Update the subplot parameters of the grid. Parameters that are not explicitly given are not changed. Setting a parameter to *None* resets it to :rc:`figure.subplot.*`. Parameters ---------- left, right, top, bottom : float or None, optional Extent of the subplots as a fraction of figure width or height. wspace, hspace : float, optional Spacing between the subplots as a fraction of the average subplot width / height. """ for k, v in kwargs.items(): if k in self._AllowedKeys: setattr(self, k, v) else: raise AttributeError(f"{k} is an unknown keyword") for figmanager in _pylab_helpers.Gcf.figs.values(): for ax in figmanager.canvas.figure.axes: # copied from Figure.subplots_adjust if not isinstance(ax, mpl.axes.SubplotBase): # Check if sharing a subplots axis if isinstance(ax._sharex, mpl.axes.SubplotBase): if ax._sharex.get_subplotspec().get_gridspec() == self: ax._sharex.update_params() ax._set_position(ax._sharex.figbox) elif isinstance(ax._sharey, mpl.axes.SubplotBase): if ax._sharey.get_subplotspec().get_gridspec() == self: ax._sharey.update_params() ax._set_position(ax._sharey.figbox) else: ss = ax.get_subplotspec().get_topmost_subplotspec() if ss.get_gridspec() == self: ax.update_params() ax._set_position(ax.figbox) def get_subplot_params(self, figure=None): """ Return the `~.SubplotParams` for the GridSpec. In order of precedence the values are taken from - non-*None* attributes of the GridSpec - the provided *figure* - :rc:`figure.subplot.*` """ if figure is None: kw = {k: rcParams["figure.subplot."+k] for k in self._AllowedKeys} subplotpars = mpl.figure.SubplotParams(**kw) else: subplotpars = copy.copy(figure.subplotpars) subplotpars.update(**{k: getattr(self, k) for k in self._AllowedKeys}) return subplotpars def locally_modified_subplot_params(self): """ Return a list of the names of the subplot parameters explicitly set in the GridSpec. This is a subset of the attributes of `.SubplotParams`. """ return [k for k in self._AllowedKeys if getattr(self, k)] def tight_layout(self, figure, renderer=None, pad=1.08, h_pad=None, w_pad=None, rect=None): """ Adjust subplot parameters to give specified padding. Parameters ---------- pad : float Padding between the figure edge and the edges of subplots, as a fraction of the font-size. h_pad, w_pad : float, optional Padding (height/width) between edges of adjacent subplots. Defaults to *pad*. rect : tuple of 4 floats, default: (0, 0, 1, 1), i.e. the whole figure (left, bottom, right, top) rectangle in normalized figure coordinates that the whole subplots area (including labels) will fit into. """ subplotspec_list = tight_layout.get_subplotspec_list( figure.axes, grid_spec=self) if None in subplotspec_list: cbook._warn_external("This figure includes Axes that are not " "compatible with tight_layout, so results " "might be incorrect.") if renderer is None: renderer = tight_layout.get_renderer(figure) kwargs = tight_layout.get_tight_layout_figure( figure, figure.axes, subplotspec_list, renderer, pad=pad, h_pad=h_pad, w_pad=w_pad, rect=rect) if kwargs: self.update(**kwargs) class GridSpecFromSubplotSpec(GridSpecBase): """ GridSpec whose subplot layout parameters are inherited from the location specified by a given SubplotSpec. """ def __init__(self, nrows, ncols, subplot_spec, wspace=None, hspace=None, height_ratios=None, width_ratios=None): """ The number of rows and number of columns of the grid need to be set. An instance of SubplotSpec is also needed to be set from which the layout parameters will be inherited. The wspace and hspace of the layout can be optionally specified or the default values (from the figure or rcParams) will be used. """ self._wspace = wspace self._hspace = hspace self._subplot_spec = subplot_spec self.figure = self._subplot_spec.get_gridspec().figure GridSpecBase.__init__(self, nrows, ncols, width_ratios=width_ratios, height_ratios=height_ratios) # do the layoutboxes subspeclb = subplot_spec._layoutbox if subspeclb is None: self._layoutbox = None else: # OK, this is needed to divide the figure. self._layoutbox = subspeclb.layout_from_subplotspec( subplot_spec, name=subspeclb.name + '.gridspec' + layoutbox.seq_id(), artist=self) def get_subplot_params(self, figure=None): """Return a dictionary of subplot layout parameters.""" hspace = (self._hspace if self._hspace is not None else figure.subplotpars.hspace if figure is not None else rcParams["figure.subplot.hspace"]) wspace = (self._wspace if self._wspace is not None else figure.subplotpars.wspace if figure is not None else rcParams["figure.subplot.wspace"]) figbox = self._subplot_spec.get_position(figure) left, bottom, right, top = figbox.extents return mpl.figure.SubplotParams(left=left, right=right, bottom=bottom, top=top, wspace=wspace, hspace=hspace) def get_topmost_subplotspec(self): """ Return the topmost `.SubplotSpec` instance associated with the subplot. """ return self._subplot_spec.get_topmost_subplotspec() class SubplotSpec: """ Specifies the location of a subplot in a `GridSpec`. .. note:: Likely, you'll never instantiate a `SubplotSpec` yourself. Instead you will typically obtain one from a `GridSpec` using item-access. Parameters ---------- gridspec : `~matplotlib.gridspec.GridSpec` The GridSpec, which the subplot is referencing. num1, num2 : int The subplot will occupy the num1-th cell of the given gridspec. If num2 is provided, the subplot will span between num1-th cell and num2-th cell *inclusive*. The index starts from 0. """ def __init__(self, gridspec, num1, num2=None): self._gridspec = gridspec self.num1 = num1 self.num2 = num2 if gridspec._layoutbox is not None: glb = gridspec._layoutbox # So note that here we don't assign any layout yet, # just make the layoutbox that will contain all items # associated w/ this axis. This can include other axes like # a colorbar or a legend. self._layoutbox = layoutbox.LayoutBox( parent=glb, name=glb.name + '.ss' + layoutbox.seq_id(), artist=self) else: self._layoutbox = None def __repr__(self): return (f"{self.get_gridspec()}[" f"{self.rowspan.start}:{self.rowspan.stop}, " f"{self.colspan.start}:{self.colspan.stop}]") @staticmethod def _from_subplot_args(figure, args): """ Construct a `.SubplotSpec` from a parent `.Figure` and either - a `.SubplotSpec` -- returned as is; - one or three numbers -- a MATLAB-style subplot specifier. """ message = ("Passing non-integers as three-element position " "specification is deprecated since %(since)s and will be " "removed %(removal)s.") if len(args) == 1: arg, = args if isinstance(arg, SubplotSpec): return arg else: if not isinstance(arg, Integral): cbook.warn_deprecated("3.3", message=message) arg = str(arg) try: rows, cols, num = map(int, str(arg)) except ValueError: raise ValueError( f"Single argument to subplot must be a three-digit " f"integer, not {arg}") from None # num - 1 for converting from MATLAB to python indexing return GridSpec(rows, cols, figure=figure)[num - 1] elif len(args) == 3: rows, cols, num = args if not (isinstance(rows, Integral) and isinstance(cols, Integral)): cbook.warn_deprecated("3.3", message=message) rows, cols = map(int, [rows, cols]) gs = GridSpec(rows, cols, figure=figure) if isinstance(num, tuple) and len(num) == 2: if not all(isinstance(n, Integral) for n in num): cbook.warn_deprecated("3.3", message=message) i, j = map(int, num) else: i, j = num return gs[i-1:j] else: if not isinstance(num, Integral): cbook.warn_deprecated("3.3", message=message) num = int(num) if num < 1 or num > rows*cols: raise ValueError( f"num must be 1 <= num <= {rows*cols}, not {num}") return gs[num - 1] # -1 due to MATLAB indexing. else: raise TypeError(f"subplot() takes 1 or 3 positional arguments but " f"{len(args)} were given") # num2 is a property only to handle the case where it is None and someone # mutates num1. @property def num2(self): return self.num1 if self._num2 is None else self._num2 @num2.setter def num2(self, value): self._num2 = value def __getstate__(self): return {**self.__dict__, "_layoutbox": None} def get_gridspec(self): return self._gridspec def get_geometry(self): """ Return the subplot geometry as tuple ``(n_rows, n_cols, start, stop)``. The indices *start* and *stop* define the range of the subplot within the `GridSpec`. *stop* is inclusive (i.e. for a single cell ``start == stop``). """ rows, cols = self.get_gridspec().get_geometry() return rows, cols, self.num1, self.num2 @cbook.deprecated("3.3", alternative="rowspan, colspan") def get_rows_columns(self): """ Return the subplot row and column numbers as a tuple ``(n_rows, n_cols, row_start, row_stop, col_start, col_stop)``. """ gridspec = self.get_gridspec() nrows, ncols = gridspec.get_geometry() row_start, col_start = divmod(self.num1, ncols) row_stop, col_stop = divmod(self.num2, ncols) return nrows, ncols, row_start, row_stop, col_start, col_stop @property def rowspan(self): """The rows spanned by this subplot, as a `range` object.""" ncols = self.get_gridspec().ncols return range(self.num1 // ncols, self.num2 // ncols + 1) @property def colspan(self): """The columns spanned by this subplot, as a `range` object.""" ncols = self.get_gridspec().ncols # We explicitly support num2 refering to a column on num1's *left*, so # we must sort the column indices here so that the range makes sense. c1, c2 = sorted([self.num1 % ncols, self.num2 % ncols]) return range(c1, c2 + 1) def get_position(self, figure, return_all=False): """ Update the subplot position from ``figure.subplotpars``. """ gridspec = self.get_gridspec() nrows, ncols = gridspec.get_geometry() rows, cols = np.unravel_index([self.num1, self.num2], (nrows, ncols)) fig_bottoms, fig_tops, fig_lefts, fig_rights = \ gridspec.get_grid_positions(figure) fig_bottom = fig_bottoms[rows].min() fig_top = fig_tops[rows].max() fig_left = fig_lefts[cols].min() fig_right = fig_rights[cols].max() figbox = Bbox.from_extents(fig_left, fig_bottom, fig_right, fig_top) if return_all: return figbox, rows[0], cols[0], nrows, ncols else: return figbox def get_topmost_subplotspec(self): """ Return the topmost `SubplotSpec` instance associated with the subplot. """ gridspec = self.get_gridspec() if hasattr(gridspec, "get_topmost_subplotspec"): return gridspec.get_topmost_subplotspec() else: return self def __eq__(self, other): """ Two SubplotSpecs are considered equal if they refer to the same position(s) in the same `GridSpec`. """ # other may not even have the attributes we are checking. return ((self._gridspec, self.num1, self.num2) == (getattr(other, "_gridspec", object()), getattr(other, "num1", object()), getattr(other, "num2", object()))) def __hash__(self): return hash((self._gridspec, self.num1, self.num2)) def subgridspec(self, nrows, ncols, **kwargs): """ Create a GridSpec within this subplot. The created `.GridSpecFromSubplotSpec` will have this `SubplotSpec` as a parent. Parameters ---------- nrows : int Number of rows in grid. ncols : int Number or columns in grid. Returns ------- `.GridSpecFromSubplotSpec` Other Parameters ---------------- **kwargs All other parameters are passed to `.GridSpecFromSubplotSpec`. See Also -------- matplotlib.pyplot.subplots Examples -------- Adding three subplots in the space occupied by a single subplot:: fig = plt.figure() gs0 = fig.add_gridspec(3, 1) ax1 = fig.add_subplot(gs0[0]) ax2 = fig.add_subplot(gs0[1]) gssub = gs0[2].subgridspec(1, 3) for i in range(3): fig.add_subplot(gssub[0, i]) """ return GridSpecFromSubplotSpec(nrows, ncols, self, **kwargs)